Gum Disease: Signs and Causes

One of the major causes of tooth loss in adults is gum disease. Also known as periodontal disease, gum disease is caused by the infection and destruction of the tissue that surrounds, supports, and protects teeth. The condition can also lead to other major health problems, so it is important to treat teeth and gums properly before symptoms persist.

Common Signs of Gum Disease

Know the warning signs of gum disease before it takes hold:

  • Bleeding gums after brushing and flossing
  • Swollen or red gums
  • Receding gums
  • Deep pockets forming between teeth
  • Loose teeth
  • Shifting teeth
  • Gum and teeth separation
  • Halitosis, or persistent bad breath

If you have noticed these symptoms, contact LifeSmiles for cleanings and treatment to improve and protect your teeth and gums.

What Causes Gum Disease?

Gum disease is not just caused by poor oral hygiene. Other causes may include:

  • Hormonal Changes: During puberty, menopause, or pregnancy, gums can become more sensitive. Sensitive gums may develop gingivitis and then periodontitis more easily than those that are not sensitive.
  • Medication: Certain medication can cause dry mouth, which decreases the amount of saliva in the mouth. Less saliva means less protection for teeth and gums, which can then become prone to gum disease.
  • Illnesses: Conditions like diabetes may make patients more susceptible to periodontitis because of blood sugar levels.

Gum Disease: At Risk

Gum disease may lead to increased oral health problems, such as:

  • Tooth loss
  • Destroyed gum tissue
  • Plaque buildup

Gum disease is not just a problem for your gums and teeth. If left untreated, periodontal disease can affect the heart. Your bloodstream can be affected by the buildup of plaque in the gums because the same bacteria found in gums can be sent to the heart. Periodontitis exacerbates heart problems like heart disease, strokes, strokes, and heart attacks.

Schedule an Appointment

Know the warning signs of gum disease before teeth and gums are damaged further. Protect the structural support that gums give to your teeth. Schedule a tooth cleaning with Dr. Dennis J. Garpetti & Associates. Call LifeSmiles at (208) 254-6365 or schedule an appointment with us online here today.